Official Soccer Ball Sizes
Soccer ball size is important depending on the age of the player or the type of football he is performing. Soccer is a popular sport, played all around the world and it is also called association football or just football. It is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players each, including the goalkeepers. The field is rectangular covered with grass or artificial turf and there is a goal in the centre of each of the short ends. The aim of the game is to score into the opposing goal. The players are not allowed to use their arms or hands (apart the goalkeepers). A standard soccer game takes 90 minutes in total but the time is divided by two halves of 45 minutes each with a break of 15 minutes in between. The first set of rules was created in England under the name of Laws of the Game, established in 1863. Those were the foundations of the modern soccer game we know. Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is the international governor of this sport which created FIFA World Cup, the most known football competition around the world (held every four years). Apart from FIFA there are six other regional confederations associated to it. These are Asian Football Confederation (AFC), Confederation of African Football (CAF), Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF), Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), Oceania Football Confederation (OFC), Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol/Confederação Sul-americana de Futebol. The soccer game would not be possible to occur if there was no ball. Official soccer balls come in official 5 sizes.
Soccer ball size 1 is the promotional soccer ball as well as size 2. Size 3 is better for players under 8 years old because they are the smallest balls, weighting no more then 12 oz and they usually measure 23-24 inches in circumference. It is also used in team handball matches. Soccer ball size 4 is normally used for players older than 8 but younger than 12 and it weights between 12-13 oz, measuring in circumference no more than 25-26 inches. This soccer ball size may be used in futsal. Size 5 is the international standard ball used in matches by players of all ages, older than 12. It weights no more than 14-16 oz and it has a circumference of 27-28 inches. The soccer ball is actually an air-filled sphere and in Law 2 of the Game are specified the ball sizes.
The standard soccer ball size is 5, as already mentioned and it must be covered with leather or similar material. Usually the balls are made of 12 regular pentagons and 20 regular hexagons and the first type of 32-panel model was produced in Denmark, in the 1950s by the manufacturer called Select. This type of balls became popular in Europe and starting with the 1970 World Cup, Adidas became the only manufacturer of soccer balls for the most important European championships and for matches played in the World Cups. The next World Cup is held in South Africa, in 2010. Standard balls are shaped different depending on the age of the players, the type of the game or the type of competition considering that FIFA established its own standard soccer ball size.
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